Smoking After a Heart Attack?

no-smoking Every time a smoker lights up, the risk of a seizure over the following hours rises, according to the research.For a single cigarette can tip the balance within the body, leading to a blood clot large enough to stop the heart. Doctors have known for years that long-term smokers are more likely to suffer heart attacks, but the study is the first to show there is an immediate effect. Researchers found that heart attack victims who had smoked a cigarette six hours before their seizure had bigger blood clots in their arteries. While small clots may have no effect or result in only a minor attack, large clots can kill by choking off blood from the heart. ‘We know that the long-term effects of smoking raise the risk of cardiovascular disease,’ Dr Murray Mittelman, of the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Centre in Boston told an American medical conference yesterday.’This study shows a short-term association with the formation of bigger clots that may increase the risk or severity of the heart attack.’Put simply, smoking a cigarette can enlarge the blood clot and tip the balance.’ smoking hazards A new study suggests that people, who quit smoking after being hospitalized for signs of a heart attack, but start again after their release, may triple their risk of dying. Reuters reports that the Italian study found people who started smoking again after they were hospitalized for signs of a heart attack had more than triple the risk of dying in the next year, compared with those who stayed smoke free. The sooner a patient started smoking again, the greater the risk he or she would die within a year. Patients who quit for six months were unlikely to start smoking again. The researchers recommend that smoking cessation counseling be integrated into post-discharge plans for patients hospitalized with heart problems. Their findings appear in the American Journal of Cardiology. smoking- All the participants had ceased smoking while in the hospital and declared themselves motivated to continue abstaining once they were released. Patients received a few brief smoking-cessation counseling sessions while in the hospital, but no further counseling, nicotine replacement or other smoking-cessation help was provided after they left the hospital. The researchers interviewed patients about their smoking status at one, six, and 12 months after their release from the hospital and found that a total of 813 (63 percent) had relapsed by the end of the first year. About half had begun smoking again within 20 days of leaving the hospital. smoking Within a year, 97 patients died, with 81 of those deaths attributed to cardiovascular causes, according to findings published in the American Journal of Cardiology. After adjusting for patient ages and other variables, the researchers found that resuming smoking raised a person’s risk of death three-fold compared to patients who didn’t relapse. Rest is important after a heart attack, but it’s just as important for you to participate in recreation and social events and to begin making physical activity a part of your daily life. In many cases doctors will recommend that survivors get more physical activity than they got before their heart attack. A good night’s rest is especially important for heart attack patients. And if you feel tired during the day, take a nap or a short rest. Heart patients should rest before they get too tired. Your doctor will tell you what’s best for your specific situation, but most heart attack patients find they have plenty of energy for both work and leisure activities. ‘Quitting smoking before age 40, and preferably well before 40, gives back almost all of the decade of lost life from continued smoking,’ study leader Professor Prabhat Jha. The researchers found that people who quit smoking between the ages of 35 and 44 gained about nine years and those who quit between ages 45-54 and 55-64 gained six and four years of life, respectively. And it isn’t just poor health that can be reversed when you kick the habit – it is possible to reverse the toll smoking has had on your skin, too. ‘To an extent it is possible to undo the damage smoking does to your skin,’ says dermatologist Prof Nick Lowe. ‘As soon as you stop smoking, your body is able to function more effectively. ‘Within six weeks the skin will be visibly benefiting from increased oxygen and antioxidant levels, but you must adopt a strict skin-care regime.’

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